Timeline: ZAP! Art and the Queer Revolution, 1969-present

From OutHistory
Jump to navigationJump to search

Chronology of artists, events, shows, writings relevant to ZAP! Art and the Queer Revolution, 1969-present


OPEN ENTRY: This entry is open to collaborative creation by anyone with evidence, citations, and analysis to share, so no particular, named creator is responsible for the accuracy and cogency of its content. Please use this entry's Comment section at the bottom of the page to suggest improvements about which you are unsure. Thanks.

Most recent listed first.


2012, April 13 through August 5

Brooklyn Museum. Keith Haring: 1978–1982.

2012, March 8-11

The Armory Show - Contemporary, Pier 94.
The Armory Show, Modern, Pier 92

2012, February 11

Museum of the City of New York
Gay New York and the Arts of the Twentieth Century
This symposium explores the influence of gay New Yorkers in the formation of artistic life, and the social and cultural networks that fostered them.
Saturday, February 11 11:00 AM -4 PM
This day-long symposium, presented in conjunction with Cecil Beaton: The New York Years, explores both the influence of gay New Yorkers in the formation of the city’s artistic life from the 1920s through the 1960s and the dense social and cultural networks that fostered and supported them in fields as diverse as opera, theater, literature, music, and photography. Speakers include Donald Albrecht, the exhibition's curator; George Chauncey, award-winning author of Gay New York; Wendy Moffat, author of A Great Unrecorded History: A New Life of E.M. Forster (Picador, 2011) and Hugo Vickers, Beaton's official biographer.
The symposium is supported by the Museum's Mark E. Ouderkirk Memorial Program exploring lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender culture and history.
$25 Museum members, seniors, and students; $35 non-members.
Optional box lunch additional $15.
Lunch must be ordered in advance by February 3
Click here for details and to register online.
For more information or to reserve by phone please call 917-492-3395.


2011, December 1

Castiglia, Christopher and Christopher Reed. If Memory Serves: Gay Men, AIDS, and the Promise of the Queer Past. University of Minnesota Press

2011, November 18–February 12, 2012

HIDE/SEEK: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture. Brooklyn Museum. Morris A. and Meyer Schapiro Wing, 4th Floor.
HIDE/SEEK: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture was originally organized by the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, and has been reorganized by the Brooklyn Museum and the Tacoma Art Museum. The original presentation was co-curated by David C. Ward, National Portrait Gallery, and Jonathan D. Katz, director of the doctoral program in visual studies at the State University of New York at Buffalo. The Brooklyn Museum presentation is coordinated by Tricia Laughlin Bloom, Project Curator. Brooklyn Museum: Hide/Seek

2011, November 9

Stauffer, Tema, curator: "Other Places", Camera Club of NY, November 9–December 10, 2011

2011, April 21

Perry, Weena: NYC Museums’ Representation of LGBT Artists and Art, August 2007
See also: OutHistory.org publishes a report by Weena Perry on the suppression of LGBT themes in art in exhibits in New York City museums, 1995-2007.

2011, April

Reed, Christopher. Art and Homosexuality: A History of Ideas. New York, Oxford University Press, April 2011.
ISBN13: 9780195399073 and ISBN10: 0195399072. Hardback, 352 pages. Price: $39.95
Kennicott, Philip. "Art has yet to face up to homosexuality." Washington Post, July 1, 2011.
"Even the arts world, often seen as a haven for diversity, is being forced to confront a long record of using cultural power to demean, control and hide the contributions of gay artists. A new book from Oxford University Press, “Art and Homosexuality: A History of Ideas,” by Christopher Reed, lays out a broad history of the relationship between art and sexuality, dating back before the “invention” of homosexual identity in the late 19th century and encompassing such a complex array of same-sex behaviors that Reed includes a chart in his introduction to map all the possibilities.
Published last month, Reed’s book carries forward a long-overdue reckoning that began in a very public and controversial way with the exhibition “Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture” at the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery late last year."

Knight, Christopher. "Culture Watch: 'Art and Homosexuality: A History of Ideas' by Christopher Reed". Los Angeles Times, June 28, 2011.
"It's not the first book on the subject, but "Art and Homosexuality: A History of Ideas" is certainly among the best. Penn State visual studies professor Christopher Reed spent a decade researching the topic in different time periods, ancient to contemporary, and diverse places, New Guinea to New York. He opens with a simple observation -- the arts and homosexuals are today conventionally linked in the popular imagination -- and then asks, "Why?" The book is his answer. . . . 'Art and Homosexuality' is filled with surprising insights. Expect it to become a standard reference."

Rothman, Josh. "Art and Homosexuality: What's the Connection?" Boston Globe, May 4, 2011

2010, November 18-December 30

Times Square Arts Center marks the opening of the Thom Simmonds Gallery: "Do Not Be Afraid: Art and Male Sexuality 1977-2010", November 18-December 30, 2010. The gallery is at 300 W. 43rd St., 347-234-0468.
This group exhibition features work by Andy Warhol, Robert Mapplethorpe, Greg Gorman, Thom Simmonds, and Karim Zandieh. There will also be new works by Cyril Georget, Argilano, and Kaola Oty.

2010, November 2

Jonathan D. Katz and David C. Ward. Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture. NY: Random House, November 2, 2010.[1] Book about the exhibit of the same title.

2010, October 30 through February 13, 2011

Jonathan David Katz and David C. Ward, curators: Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institutions. Washington, D.C. The first major museum exhibition to focus on sexual difference in the making of modern American portraiture.
For responses to Hide/Seek see Hide/Seek Timeline: Part 1 and :Hide/Seek Timeline: Part 2

2010, October 29-February 13, 2011

Jonathan Weinberg, Curator. "Lost and Found: The Lesbian and Gay Presence at the Archives of American Art"
Exhibit in Washington, D.C. at the Lawrence A. Fleischman Gallery, Donald W. Reynolds Center, 8th and F Streets, NW Washington, D.C., Open daily 11:30 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. Admission: Free. The Archives of American Art’s primary exhibition space, the Fleischman Gallery, is located on the first floor of the Donald W. Reynolds Center, which is also home to the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the National Portrait Gallery.
What happens when one looks for what has been previously suppressed or overlooked: in this case the existence of lesbian and gay relationships and representations in the Archive?
Lesbian and gay artists have made a strong imprint on American art for at least two centuries. No matter how they identified themselves—straight, gay, bisexual, or queer—many of the artists in this exhibit belonged to creative communities that were unusually welcoming to nonconformist gender roles. In these circles, artists felt free to represent homoerotic images. Indeed, lesbian and gay visual, literary, and performing artists were the first in American history to live openly in same-sex relationships and express their sexuality, well before the modern lesbian and gay civil rights movement.
And yet into the late 20th century, many artists did not feel safe to talk and write about same-sex desire, except with lovers and other intimates, if at all. The guarded way these artists refer to love and personal relationships is in sharp contrast to a new generation of lesbian and gay artists, for whom the imperative to come out of the closet is essential to their creativity and to their politics.
The Archives of American Art contains numerous letters, photographs, unpublished writings and rare printed material that document the lives of gay American artists. This exhibition presents glimpses into their sometimes private, sometimes “out” lives, careers and communities.
Illustrated website: Lost and Found

2010, June 11-September 5

Leszkowicz, Paweł , curator. "ARS HOMO EROTICA." Exhibition, The National Museum, Warsaw, Poland. English description on the National Museum site.
YouTube Trailer
Published comment: Michalska, Julia. "Poland’s National Museum champions gay rights. An exhibition on homoeroticism in art, opening this week, has already met with criticism and threats of demonstrations." The Art Newspaper, Issue 214, June 2010. Published online June 8, 2010.

2010, June 4

Ken Johnson. "Art in Review. Bjarne Melgaard: ‘The Synthetic Slut: A Novel’. New York Times. Review of show at Greene Naftali, in Chelsea, New York City though June 19. Refers to: "Mr. Melgaard’s basic issues, which have to do with rough, interracial gay sex and disgust for the art world’s sociology." Accessed June 11, 2010 from: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/04/arts/design/04galleries-2.html

2010, May 11-29

Robert Diamond, Curator: "Revealed: The Tradition of Male Homoerotic Art." Leslie/Lohman Gallery, 26 Wooster Street, New York City.

2010, March 18-April 22

Robert Diamond, Curator. "Revealed: The Tradition of Male Homoerotic Art." Central Connecticut State University Art Gallery in New Britain, Connecticut. Guest curator: Robert Diamond.

2010, January 26-February 16

"In Between: (re)Negotiating Ethnicity, Gender and Sexuality," curated by Emily Yochim, Vika Gardner and Darren Miller. Artist's Talk by Zanele Muholi and Opening Reception, Tuesday, January 26, 7 – 9 PM. Exhibition Dates, 1/26 – 2/16/2010.
Class, race, sexuality, gender and all other categories by which we categorize and dismiss each other need to be excavated from the inside.- Dorothy Allison
In early 2010, we find ourselves in a culture characterized by both profound changes and intense fears. Just a year after President Obama’s inauguration signaled hope and change, new terrorist activity on the United States’ home front has reignited persistent and entrenched fears of “the other” - those whose identities lie somehow outside conventional norms of race, gender, sexuality, class, and nationality. Such fears are frequently soothed by social, cultural, and political practices that seek to define subjectivities as concrete and fixed – as black or white, gay or straight, male or female, good or evil. Still, continued debates about gay marriage, changing demographics signaling the impending “minoritization” of white Americans, globalized media, and the election of our first biracial President each gesture toward a culture in which traditional definitions of identity will simply not work. What’s more, our responsibility as informed and concerned citizens interested in social justice impels us to see the spaces “in between,” to resist the urge to force our fellows into preexisting categories, and to welcome new visions of self and subjectivity.
The artists featured in In/Between urge us to question and challenge lines of identity. Though each of the artists works toward different specific ends, what unites them is a refusal to conform to banal and limiting myths about prevailing systems of political representation, discourse, and their categorized place(s) within those systems. Working from their own personal experiences of gender, sexuality and ethnicity, the artists also blur the lines between art and activism and the personal and political. Compelling and thoughtful work like that featured here in the Allegheny College Art Galleries has affected social and legal reform throughout the world.
If contemporary activist-art-makers stand on the shoulders of those who’ve come before, then they are also stepping forward to create new foundations for social change. In our era, most artists are no longer attached to deconstruction as an end in itself, but are working toward the creation of new identities. Their work helps us to see the gaps in our own understanding and challenges our preconceptions about the other. Gender, sexuality and ethnicities are not simple binaries. We’re all required to recognize and question the complicated ways in which cultural ideological hierarchies (often internalized) serve to distribute power, privilege and opportunity throughout our society. The artwork here serves to remind us that things are not as simple as gay and straight, male and female, us and them. There are many spaces in between.
Emily Chivers Yochim, PhD, Assistant Professor of Communication Arts
Vika Gardner, PhD, Assistant Professor of Religious Studies
Darren Lee Miller, Gallery Director / Assistant Professor of Art

2009, May 28

"Then and Now: An Exhibition Celebrating the 20th Anniversary of "The Center Show". Produced by and at the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community Center, New York City.

Benefit Opening Reception: 6:30PM-8:30PM, Free

Exhibition June 1, 2009 – September 4, 2009

In June 1989, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Community Center hosted The Center Show, a legendary effort in which famous and emerging artists created site-specific works on the walls of the building in commemoration of the 20th Anniversary of the Stonewall riots. Major figures in the art world contributed to this groundbreaking event, among them Keith Haring, Leon Golub, Kenny Scharf, David LaChapelle, and Nancy Spero .

Many of the original pieces still exist in situ at the Center and are seen by the over 6,000 weekly visitors to the Center.

Barbara Sahlman and David Nimmons, two of the producers of the original show, are our event co-chairs. Nancy Spero and Robert Storr, Dean of the Yale University Art School serve as exhibition co-chairs.

The Keith Haring Foundation, Andy Warhol Foundation, Art Forum and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs provided support for this exhibition.

Participating Artists include: Trisha Baga, The Brainstormers, Ian Campbell, Tre Chandler, Chi Peng, Abby Denson, fierce pussy, Daphne Fitzpatrick, Lola Flash, Alex Golden, Rory Golden, James Kaston, Jillian McDonald, Bill Mutter, Deirdre O'Dwyer, James Rohmberger, Jamel Shabazz, Nathaniel A. Siegel, Lori Taschler, Wu Ingrid Tsang, Forrest Williams, Sarah Nelson Wright

2009, April 1

Benderson, Bruce. James Bidgood (Taschen's 25th Anniversary Special Edition). Hardcover: 175 pages. Publisher: Taschen; Taschen's 25th anniversary ed edition (April 1, 2009). ISBN-10: 3836514524. ISBN-13: 978-3836514521

2008, October 1

Smalls, James. Gay Art. Parkstone Press (October 1, 2008). ISBN-10: 1844844374. ISBN-13: 978-1844844371.

2008, May 14

Advocate, The. "Gay Artist Robert Rauschenberg Dead at 82." page ?
"He met Jasper Johns in 1954. He and the younger artist, both destined to become world-famous, became lovers and influenced each other's work. According to the book Lives of the Great 20th Century Artists, Rauschenberg told biographer Calvin Tomkins that 'Jasper and I literally traded ideas. He would say, 'I've got a terrific idea for you,' and then I'd have to find one for him.'"

2007, January

Michael Petry. "Hidden Histories: The Experience of Curating a Male Same Sex Exhibition and the Problems Encountered." International Journal of Art & Design Education. Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 119-128. Published Online: 22 Jan 2007 at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118491797/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0

2007, August

Weena Perry: NYC Museums’ Representation of LGBT Artists and Art, August 2007
Report documenting documenting the suppression of LGBT themes in art shows in New York City museums, 1995-2007. This report was not published until April 21, 2011 when it was made available on OutHistory.org in cooperation with the author.

2006, March 21-April 29

"The Culture of Queer: A Tribute to J.B. Harter." Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans. Exhibition and Text by David S. Rubin, Curator of Visual Arts. Exhibition and Exhibition Catalogue Published by Contempoary Art Center, New Orleans. (See below 2005, July 23.)

2006, October 1

Falkon, Felix Lance, Thomas Waugh. Gay Art: A Historic Collection. Paperback: 255 pages. Publisher: Arsenal Pulp Press; Revised edition. ISBN-10: 1551522055. ISBN-13: 978-1551522050. When originally published by Greenleaf Editions in 1972, A Historic Collection of Gay Art was the first book of its kind to document expressions of gay male sexuality as depicted in visual art, from antiquity to pop culture. This new edition has been updated by the original author, Felix Lance Falkon, and Thomas Waugh, author of the similarly themed Out/Lines and Lust Unearthed.


Smalls, James. The Homoerotic Photography of Carl Van Vechten: Public Face, Private Thoughts. Temple University Press, 2006.

2005, January 28

"Log Cabin." Group show curated by Jeffrey Uslip. Artists Space. New York City. Cited in Rubin, 2005, July 23, p. 9.
Holland Carter. "Art in Review. "Log Cabin." New York Times, January 28, 2005, p. ?. ("a field report on what art with queer identity as a theme is looking like these days." Thirtythree artists, including: Cass Bird, A.A. Bronson. Nayland Blake, Jimmie Durham, Glen Fogel Terence Koh, Wardell Milan, Jonathan Horowitz, Kelley Walker, Ken Gonzales-Day, Matt Lipps, Dean Sameshima, Scott Treleaven and the team of Slava Mogutin and Brian Kenny, Matt Keegan, Benjamin Kress, Glenn Ligon, Mark Verabioff, Jenny Perlin, Allison Smith, Christy Gast, K8 Hardy, and Paul Pfeiffer.) Accessed June 11, 2010 from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9507E4DF143BF93BA15752C0A9639C8B63&scp=1&sq="Log%20Cabin."%20Artists'%20Space.&st=cse


"Homomuseum." Exit Art, New York City. Cited in Rubin, 2005, July 23, p. 9.

2005, July 23-September 18

"The Culture of Queer: A Tribute to J.B. Harter." Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans. Exhibition and Text by David S. Rubin, Curator of Visual Arts. Exhibition and Exhibition Catalogue Published by Contempoary Art Center, New Orleans. (See above 2006, March 21.)


Weinberg, Jonathan. Male Desire: THe Homoerotic in American Art. NY: Harry N. Abrams, 2004.


"neoqueer." Center on Contemporary Art, Seattle. Cited in Rubin, 2005, July 23, p. 9.


"Body Commodities/Queer Packaging." Works, San Jose, California. Cited in Rubin, 2005, July 23, p. 9.

2004, May 26 Summers, Claude J., ed. The Queer Encyclopedia of the Visual Arts. Paperback: 384 pages. Publisher: Cleis Press (May 26, 2004). ISBN-10: 1573441910 ISBN-13: 978-1573441919.

2004, May-July

"Hidden Histories: 20th century male same sex lovers in the visual arts," an exhibition and book by Michael Petry. The New Art Gallery Walsall, West Midlands, UK. Artmedia Press, London, May 2004. See also: Petry, Michael, 2007, January.
Abstract: "Hidden Histories was the first international historical survey of its kind to examine the lives and work of male artists in the 20th century who were same sex lovers. It comprised a curatorial project within The University of Wolverhampton, an exhibition at The New Art Gallery Walsall and a publication by Artmedia Press. This text looks at issues that arose in the production of the project which included a change of name from Mad About the Boy, ethical concerns, and censorship by the local council."
Hidden Histories did not contend there was a queer, gay or same sex aesthetic connecting the work of the surveyed artists. It did not 'out' anyone – all the information presented existed in the public domain. Hidden Histories documented how male artists' work was affected by evolving attitudes to homosexuality. Its thesis (the arch of openness) describes how public attitudes changed throughout the 20th Century; from prohibition in the late Victorian Period, to begrudging tolerance in the inter-wars years; from relative openness post WWI, to outright homophobia during the Cold War; and from decriminalisation in the West (following the Stonewall Riots), to stigma in the AIDS era. Hidden Histories was premised on the inter-dependence of same sex and dominant cultures, and demonstrates that irrespective of legal or societal prohibitions, same sex lovers continued to make a rich and varied contribution to artistic dialogue.

2004, November 1 Waugh, Thomas. Lust Unearthed: Vintage Gay Graphics From the DuBek Collection. Paperback: 320 pages. Publisher: Arsenal Pulp Press (November 1, 2004) ISBN-10: 1551521652. ISBN-13: 978-1551521657

2003, June Smalls, James. Homosexuality in Art. Parkstone Press June, 2003. Hardcover: 276 pages. Illustrated edition ISBN-10: 1859958656. ISBN-13: 978-1859958650

2002, July 14

Carter, Holland. "ART/ARCHITECTURE; Everything About Warhol But the Sex." New York Times, Sunday, July 14, 2002, Section 2, p. 1. Review of Andy Warhol Retrospective, a career survey on view at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, organized by the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin, and previously seen at the Tate Modern in London."So what's missing? Sex. Not eroticism -- everything Warhol did feels erotic -- but representations of actual sex, physical sex." Includes photos: Andy Warhol's Dick Tracy (1960) and James Dean (1955), in the Los Angeles retrospective. Warhol later revealed that Tracy had been an erotic turn-on for him in childhood. (Photographs courtesy of Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts/Artists Rights Society [ARS], New York)(pg. 32); Self-Portrait, by Andy Warhol, age 14. (Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts/Artists Rights Society [ARS])(pg. 1)
Cotter also reviews: The Forbidden Eakins: The Sexual Politics of Thomas Eakins and his Circle, a forum held in New York in June 2002, to coincide with the opening of the Eakins retrospective at the Metropolitan Museum of Art; sponsored by the State University of New York, Stony Brook, not the Met. "Although the question of homosexuality and Eakins, who was the most important American artist of the second half of the 19th century, has been in the air for years, almost no one has tackled it head-on until now."

2002, June 24

Conference: "The Forbidden Eakins: The Sexual Politics of Thomas Eakins and His Circle. Stony Brook Manhattan. Panel Participants: Martin Berger, SUNY, Buffalo; Deborah Bright, Rhode Island School of Design; Jennifer Doyle, University of California, Riverside; Michael Hatt, University of Nottingham in England; Michael Moon, Johns Hopkins University; James Smalls, University of Maryland at Baltimore; Jonathan Weinberg, Senior Fellow in-residence, the Getty Museum; Moderator: Jonathan David Katz, Stony Brook University.

2002, June

Thomas Eakins exhibit at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

2002, October 11

Holland Carter, "ART REVIEW; Two Nods to Feminism, Long Snubbed by Curators." New York Times, Friday, October 11, 2002. Reviews Personal and Political: The Women's Art Movement, 1969-1975 at Guild Hall Museum, East Hampton, Long Island, New York, organized by Simon Taylor and Natalie Ng, and Gloria: Another Look at Feminist Art in the 1970's, at White Columns, West Village, New York, curated by Catherine Morris and Ingrid Schaffner.
This review mentions Harmony Hammond's Lesbian Art in America: A Contemporary History (Rizzoli, 2000), and says: "Clearly here's a subject that needs a full-fledged museum survey of its own. So does the topic of the countless male artists, gay and straight, whose work has been influenced, if not directly shaped, by three decades of feminist art. I trust that alert young curators, critics and art historians are already on the case. And maybe, in the process of getting history told right, they can reconnect feminism to its revolutionary roots." Includes Photos: Works by Mierle Laderman Ukeles, Hannah Wilke and Martha Rosler at Gloria: Another Look at Feminist Art in the 1970's. (White Columns)

2002, November 1

Waugh, Thomas. Out/Lines: Gay Underground Erotic Graphics From Before Stonewall. Paperback: 304 pages. Publisher: Arsenal Pulp Press (November 1, 2002). ISBN-10: 1551521237. ISBN-13: 978-1551521237

2002, January 28

Camille, Michael, Adrian Rifkin, eds. Other Objects of Desire; Collectors and Collecting Queerly. (Art History Special Issues) [Paperback] ISBN-10: 063123361X | ISBN-13: 978-0631233619 | Publication Date: January 28, 2002 | Edition: 1


Meyer, Richard. Outlaw Representation: Censorship and Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century American Art. Boston: Beacon Press, 2002.


Jonathan Weinberg. Ambition and Love in Modern Art (Yale Press 2001)

2001, September

Koestenbaum, Wayne. Andy Warhol. NY: Viking, 2001. Random House Audio. ISBN: 978-1-4159-1141-9 (1-4159-1141-X). October 23. 2001.


Berger, Martin. Man Made: Thomas Eakins and the Construction of Gilded Age Manhood (University of California Press, 2000).


Harmony Hammond: "Lesbian Art in America: A Contemporary History," 2000

2000, August 3

Michael O'Sullivan. "Romaine Brooks: Sex and the Sitters. The Washington Post, August 3, 2000.

1999, October 1

Saslow, James M. Pictures and Passions: A History of Homosexuality in the Visual Arts. New York: Viking, 1999. Hardcover: 416 pages. Publisher: Viking Adult (October 1, 1999). ISBN-10: 0670859532. ISBN-13: 978-0670859535


McGarry, Molly, and Fred Wasserman, eds., Becoming Visible: An Illustrated History of Lesbian and Gay Life in Twentieth-Century America (Viking, 1999). Based on the show of the same title at the New York Public Library, 1994, June 18- September 24 (see that date on this list).

1998, June 5

Holland Carter. "ART REVIEW; The Streets of a Crumbling El Dorado, Paved With Poetry and Desire," curated by Dan Cameron, senior curator of the New Museum, and Barry Blinderman, director of the University Galleries of Illinois State University. New York Times, Friday, June 5, 1998, E 35. Reviews Sweet Oblivion: The Urban Landscapes of Martin Wong at the New Museum of Contemporary Art, 583 Broadway, near Prince Street, SoHo, New York City. Photo: Sweet Oblivion (1983), one of Martin Wong's Lower East Side paintings. (New Museum of Contemporary Art) "The flowering of art in the East Village in the mid-1980's was brief and uneven, but rich . . . . An explicitly gay art emerged in the work of figures like Arch Connelly, Keith Haring, Nicholas Moufarrege and David Wojnarnowicz," as well as Chinese-American artist Martin Wong.


Deborah Bright, ed. The Passionate Camera: Photographies and Bodies of Desire (Routledge 1998).


David Joselit, Identity Politics: Exhibiting Gender Art in America, January, 1997.


Doyle, Jennifer, co-editor. Pop Out: Queer Warhol. Duke University Press, 1996.

Horne, Peter and Reina Lewis. Outlooks: lesbian and gay sexualities and visual cultures, Routledge. ISBN 9780415124683,
"Rauschenberg, who was better known in 1963 than Warhol was, and Jasper Johns were both prototypical Pop artists as well as gay men; they also were lovers" (p. 43)

1996, Winter

Atkins, Robert. "Goodbye Lesbian/Gay History, Hello 'Queer Sensibility': Meditating on Curatorial Practice". College Art Association Journal, Winter, 1996, p. 80-85

1996, June 28 – August 23

Center on Contemporary Art, Seattle, Washington. Gender, fucked. Group exhibition including works by Catherine Opie, Nicole Eisenman, Deborah Kass, Elise Dodeles, etc. Curated by Harmony Hammond and Catherine Lord. Exhibition catalog published by Center on Contemporary Art with support from Bay Press, Books on Contemporary Culture, Seattle, Washington. June 1996.

1995, January 11-April 9

In a Different Light: Visual Culture, Sexual Identity, Queer Practice. Exhibit, the University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley. Curated by Nayland Blake, Lawrence Rinder, Amy Scholder, January 11-April 9, 1995.
Catalog citation: Blake, Nayland, Lawrence Rinder, Amy Scholder, eds. In a Different Light: Visual Culture, Sexual Identity, Queer Practice. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1995. (This sums up the history of LGBTQ art shows up to 1995 and documents this exhibit at the University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley. Works in this show were divided into themes headed with the following words: Void, Self, Drag, Other, Couple/Family, Orgy, World, Utopia).

1994, September

Davis, Whitney. “Erotic Revision in Thomas Eakins’s Narratives of Male Nudity,” Art History 17 (September 1994): 301-41.[2]

1994, June 18- September 24

"Becoming Visible: The Legacy of Stonewall". Curated by Mimi Bowling, Molly McGarry, Fred Wasserman. New York Public Library, Fifth Avenue at 42d Street, New York City.
See also the book based on this show: McGarry, Molly, and Fred Wasserman, eds., Becoming Visible: An Illustrated History of Lesbian and Gay Life in Twentieth-Century America (Viking, 1999).

1994, June

Cotter, Holland, ed. "After Stonewall". Art in America. Interviews with Ross Bleckner, Nicole Eisenman, Louise Fishman, Lyle Ashton Harris, Deborah Kass, Cary S. Leibowitz [Candyass], Zoe Leonard, John Lindell, Donald Moffett, Frank Moore, Ellen Neipris, and Hugh Steers.

1994, October 15

Cooper, Emmanuel. The Sexual Perspective: Homosexuality and Art in the Last 100 Years in the West [Paperback]: 400 pages. Publisher: Routledge; Second edition (October 15, 1994). ISBN-10: 0415111013. ISBN-13: 978-0415111010


Hatt, Michael. “The Male Body in Another Frame: Thomas Eakins’ The Swimming Hole as Homoerotic Image,” Journal of the Philosophy of the Visual Arts: the Body, ed. Andrew Benjamin (London: Academy Group, 1993), 8-21.

Weinberg, Jonathan. Speaking for Vice: Homosexuality in the of Charles Demuth, Marsden Hartley and the First American Avant-Garde (Yale University Press, 1993).

1992, June 12 – July 28

Part Fantasy. Including drawings by Nicole Eisenman, Daphne Fitzpatrick, G. B. Jones, Elise Dodeles, etc. Trial Balloon 2 Gallery, New York, NY.
Exhibition catalog with an essay by Faye Hirsch and an introduction by Nicola Tyson published in July, 1992.

1991, February

Visible for a Change: Contemporary Lesbian Artists, U.S.A., Harvard University.
The slide-show installation Visible for a Change was organized to display the diversity of work by women artists who identify as “lesbian artists.” The show was the second event in the Women’s Studies’ colloquium series, “Women, the Arts, and Politics.” Carrie Alyea, Jill H. Casid, María DeGuzmán, and Marti Hohmann collaboratively wrote the brochure, designed the installation, organized the slide show, facilitated discussions to explore important issues pertaining to the exhibit, and set up a permanent archive at the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, Harvard University of the slides and written materials which were submitted to form a permanent resource for students and researchers.


November 2 – 29, 1991. ABC No Rio, New York, NY. Out and Exposed.
April 20 – May 19, 1991. District of Columbia Arts Center, Washington, D.C. Are you now, or have you ever been..., Group exhibition curated by Andrew J. Mellen.
Articles in the popular gay press concerning the above exhibitions--
David Hirsh, Out and Exposed, ABC No Rio Showcases the Next Generation of Artists, New York Native, October 28, 1991.
David Hirsh, Out Art Bears Fruit, San Francisco Bay Area Reporter, November 14, 1991.


The Leslie Lohman Gay Art Foundation, named in honor of its two founders Fritz Lohman and Charles Leslie, is established as a non-profit arts cultural institution "to be a safe haven for that art which is often excluded from mainstream exhibitions and textbooks and looked upon as taboo or less than important . . ." [3]

1989, November 28 Robert Atkins: "Frohnmayer Fiddles, Artists Burn", November 28, 1989

1989, June 12

The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., announces the cancelation of a retrospective of Robert Mapplethorpe's photographs because it did not want to "adversely affect the NEA's congressional appropriations. The Washington Project for the Arts later hosted the Mapplethorpe show. This action was highly criticized and in September, 1989, the Director of the gallery, Christina Orr-Cahall, issued a formal statement of apology.[4]

1989, June 1-December 1989

The Center Show. Rick Barnett and Barbara Sahlman, curators. Produced at The Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center, New York City. Artists include: Daze, Jane Dickson, General Idea, Mike Glier, Leon Golub, Ilse Gordon, Gran Fury, Guerilla Girls, David LaChapelle, Barbara Sandler, Kenny Scharf, Nancy Spero, Scott Tucker, Rhonda Zwillinger, etc.
Atkins, Robert. Art on Stone Walls. Village Voice, June 13, 1989.
Louie, Elaine. "CURRENTS; Cinderella Of the West Village." New York Times, June 1, 1989
Today, when the "Center Show" opens at the Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center in Greenwich Village, the drab three-story building will be transformed by art. Forty-four artists donated sculpture, painted murals, hung their photographs and installed sound shows throughout the former high school, said Rick Barnett, a freelance curator who organized the show with Barbara Sahlman, a sculptor. "The center had no money to refurbish the building, so we decided to mount this show," he said.
Rick Barnett and Barbara Sahlman. The center show: 1 June 1989. Lesbian & Gay Community Services Center (New York, N.Y.), 1989. 54 pages. Subjects. Art, Modern. Homosexuality and art. Installations (Art)


"Against Nature: A Group Show of Work by Homosexual Men." Los Angles Contempary Exhibitions.


David Wojnarowicz. "Mexican Diaries." [Solo show of paintings, one of which appears in the later video "Fire in My Belly"], "Ground Zero" [gallery]. New York City.[5]


David Wojnarowicz. You Killed Me First Installation #8, collaboration with Richard Kern, Ground Zero [gallery]. New York City.[6]

1982, October 16-December 30

Extended sensibilities : homosexual presence in contemporary art. New Museum, New York City.
Artists: Charley Brown, Scott Burton, Craig Carver, Arch Connelly, Janet Cooling, Betsy Damon, Nancy Fried, Jedd Garet, Gilbert & George, Lee Gordon, Harmony Hammond, John Henninger, Jerry Janosco, Lili Lakich, Les petites bonbons, Ross Paxton, Jody Pinto, Carla Tardi, Fran Winant
Guest Curator: Daniel J. Cameron
Publication Data: Bib ID 2813372
Format Book
Description New York : The New Museum, c1982.
60 p. : ill. ; 21 x 23 cm.
Notes: Catalogue of the exhibition held at the New Museum, October 16-December 30, 1982. Includes bibliographical references.
Subjects: Homosexuality in art - Exhibitions. | Art, Modern - 20th century - United States - Exhibitions. Other authors/contributors Cameron, Daniel J | New Museum (New York, N.Y.)

1979, August-1980

The Great American Lesbian Art Show (GALAS), Women's Building, Los Angeles, and at venues across the United States. [7]

1978, January 21-February 11

"A Lesbian Show," 112 Green Street Workshop, New York City.[8]

1977, Fall

Heresies: "Lesbian Art and Artists," Fall 1977

1973, Summer

Louis Fulgoni designs poster for Jonathan Ned Katz's play "Coming Out!" in its revival in Chelsea, New York City.

1971, May 16-22

Private exhibition (by appointment only) in the Leslie-Lohman loft at 131 Prince Street, 4th floor. "Participants: Work by David Hockney, Fritz Andre Kracht, Paul Cadmus, Donald Bell, Avel de Knight, Miguel Valdesberea, Regis Dho, Ricardo Monroy."

Before the Stonewall Resistance

1969, May

Private exhibition (by appointment only) in the Leslie-Lohman loft at 131 Prince Street, 4th floor. "Charles Leslie & Fritz Lohman used their address books and simply called people telling them of the event. Due to the overwhelming response it was extended for an additional weekend." Accessed April 5, 2010, from Leslie Lohman Gay Art Foundation website: http://leslielohman.com/GalryHis/hist69.html

1968, May 3 - July 31

The First International Exhibition of Erotic Art was an erotic art expo held in Lund's Konsthall, Lund, Sweden and afterward in Arhus Kunstmuseum Arhus, Denmark September 7 - Oct 27, 1968. It was curated by Phyllis and Eberhard Kronhausen. See also the book by the Kronhausens' based on this show.

1966, April 7

Gornick, Vivian. "Pop Goes Homosexual: It's a Queer Hand Stoking the Campfire," The Village Voice, vol. XI, no. 25 (April 7, 1966) : 1., vol. XI, no. 25 (April 7, 1966) : 1.

To be added to chronology:

Bibliography, listed in chrono order where dates are available.

Year month day? Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies (CLAGS). Conferences.

Also see: ZAP! Art and the Queer Revolution, 1969-present

Artists' List: ZAP! Art and the Queer Revolution, 1969-present

Bibliography: ZAP! Art and Queer Revolution, 1969-present


  1. Format: Hardcover, 296 pages. On Sale: November 2, 2010. Price: $45.00. ISBN: 978-1-58834-299-7 (1-58834-299-9)
  2. Cited from Weena Perry ..... OutHistory.org.
  3. Accessed April 5, 2010, from the Leslie Lohman Gay Art Foundation website: http://leslielohman.com/MainPgs/About.html
  4. Accessed on November 14, 2010 from: http://www.publiceye.org/theocrat/Mapplethorpe_Chrono.html
  5. Email from Marguerite Van Cook of Ground Zero, December 13, 2010.
  6. Email from Marguerite Van Cook of Ground Zero, December 13, 2010; [http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/fales/woj.html New York University Library, Fales Collection.
  7. Terry Wolverton in Blake et al, pages 50-52.
  8. :See Harmony Hammond, "A Lesbian Show," in Blake et al., pages 45-49. See: Nayland Blake, Lawrence Rinder, Amy Scholder, In a Different Light: Visual Culture, Sexual Identity, Queer Practice. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1995. Reviews of "A Lesbian Show": Kay Larsen in Village Voice; also: Majority Report; Woman Artist News; Gay Community News, Screw. See also Art In America (1978), Soho Weekly News (1978).

<comments />